hakyll-4.12.0.1: A static website compiler library

Safe HaskellNone
LanguageHaskell2010

Hakyll.Web.Redirect

Description

Module used for generating HTML redirect pages. This allows renaming pages to avoid breaking existing links without requiring server-side support for formal 301 Redirect error codes

Synopsis

Documentation

data Redirect Source #

This datatype can be used directly if you want a lower-level interface to generate redirects. For example, if you want to redirect foo.html to bar.jpg, you can use:

create ["foo.html"] $ do
    route idRoute
    compile $ makeItem $ Redirect "bar.jpg"

Constructors

Redirect 

Fields

createRedirects :: [(Identifier, String)] -> Rules () Source #

This function exposes a higher-level interface compared to using the Redirect type manually.

This creates, using a database mapping broken URLs to working ones, HTML files which will do HTML META tag redirect pages (since, as a static site, we can't use web-server-level 301 redirects, and using JS is gross).

This is useful for sending people using old URLs to renamed versions, dealing with common typos etc, and will increase site traffic. Such broken URLs can be found by looking at server logs or by using Google Webmaster Tools. Broken URLs must be valid Haskell strings, non-URL-escaped valid POSIX filenames, and relative links, since they will be defined in a hakyll.hs and during generation, written to disk with the filename corresponding to the broken URLs. (Target URLs can be absolute or relative, but should be URL-escaped.) So broken incoming links like http://www.gwern.net/foo/ which should be http://www.gwern.net/foobar cannot be fixed (since you cannot create a HTML file named "foo/" on disk, as that would be a directory).

An example of a valid association list would be:

brokenLinks =
    [ ("projects.html", "http://github.com/gwern")
    , ("/Black-market archive", "Black-market%20archives")
    ]

In which case the functionality can then be used in main with a line like:

version "redirects" $ createRedirects brokenLinks

The version is recommended to separate these items from your other pages.

The on-disk files can then be uploaded with HTML mimetypes (either explicitly by generating and uploading them separately, by auto-detection of the filetype, or an upload tool defaulting to HTML mimetype, such as calling s3cmd with --default-mime-type=text/html) and will redirect browsers and search engines going to the old/broken URLs.

See also https://groups.google.com/d/msg/hakyll/sWc6zxfh-uM/fUpZPsFNDgAJ.